In the following lines, we will discuss the exact biblical verses that speak about the advent of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him.
Firstly, In the Torah, in the Book of Deuteronomy 18:18-19 it says: “I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him.If anyone does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name, I myself will call him to account.”(New International Version)
This text is still extant among them. With regard to the phrase “from among their brothers” – if that Prophet were to be from among the Children of Israel, it would have said, “I will raise up for them a Prophet from among them.” But it says “from among their brothers” – i.e., from among the sons of Isma`il (Ishmael).
Secondly, it says in the Gospel of John 16:6-8, 12-13: “It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Counselor [Paraclete] will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin…I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come.”(New International Version)
This cannot apply to anyone except the Prophet (peace be upon him).
Thirdly, IbnAl-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: It says in the Torah, in the fifth book [Deuteronomy 33:2]:“The Lord came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir; he shone forth from Mount Paran. He came with myriads of holy ones from the south, from his mountain slopes [or: from his right hand went a fiery law for them].” (New International Version; alternative version of last phrase – the meaning of which is unclear in the original Hebrew texts – is from the King James Version)
This refers to the three Prophethoods: the Prophethood of Musa (Moses), the Prophethood of `Isa (Jesus) and the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon them). “Coming from Sinai” refers to the mountain where Allah spoke to Prophet Musa and called him and told him he was a Prophet. “Dawning over them from Seir” refers to the appearance of the Messiah from BaytAl-Maqdis (Jerusalem). Seir is a village that is still known there to this day. So this was a foretelling of the Prophethood of the Messiah.
“Paran” refers to Makkah. Allah likens the Prophethood of Musa to the coming of the dawn, and the Prophethood of the Messiah after him to the rising of the sun, and the Prophethood of the Seal of the Prophets to the sun rising high in the sky and its light reaching all over the earth. And it came to pass exactly as foretold, for Allah dispelled the night of disbelief with the Prophethood of Musa, and the light increased with the Prophethood of the Messiah, and was completed and reached everywhere on earth with the Prophethood of Muhammad (peace be upon him). These three Prophets who were mentioned in this foretelling were also mentioned in the beginning of Surah At-Teen:
“By the fig, and the olive.By Mount Sinai.By this city of security (Makkah)” [At-Teen 95:1-3]
Fourthly: Sheikh `AbdAl-Majid Al-Zandani said in his book (Al-Bisharat bi Muhammad (peace be upon him) fi Al-Kutub As-Samawiyyah As-Sabiqah) that in the 22nd chapter of the Gospel of Barnabas it says: “And this will continue until there comes Muhammad the Messenger of God who, when he comes, will expose this deceit to those who believe in the laws of God.” And it says in the Book of Isaiah: “I have made your name Muhammad, O Muhammad, O beloved of the Lord, your name will abide forever.” And it says in the Book of Isaiah: “What I have given to him I will not give to anyone else: Ahmad, because he praises God and this praise comes from the best part of the earth, and this will bring joy to mankind and they will recite the word of divine unity on every hill and glorify God in every high place.”
Many scholars have mentioned the places in the Bible where the name of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is mentioned. Sometimes his name is mentioned clearly, and sometimes he is described in ways that can only apply to him (peace be upon him).
You should note that the books of the Bible as they exist today have been altered and changed. This fact has been stated by non-Muslim historians, but despite all that we still find in the Bible the foretelling of the coming of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him). ShaykhRahmat-Allah Al-Hindi stated that every time the Christians were able to change something they did so, hence you will find that some of the ancient scholars quote passages from the Bible that no longer exist. But there are still other passages that foretell the Prophethood of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his coming.
It should be noted that we have to arm ourselves with adequate sound knowledge in order to debate with the Christians, because even if they have no proof, they will still try to sow the seeds of doubt in people’s hearts so that they will give in to these wrong ideas and so that the truth will be concealed.
“But Allah will bring His Light to perfection even though the disbelievers hate (it).” [As-Saff 61:8].
Some of the most useful books on this topic are: Izhar Al-Haqq by Sheikh Rahmat-Allah Al-Hindi; Hidayatal-Hayara by Ibn Al-Qayyim; and Al-Jawab Al-Sahih by IbnTaymiyyah.