Islam creates many human rights for the individual. Here are some of the rights that Islam protects.
The life and property of all citizens of an Islamic state are considered sacred, regardless of whether the person is a Muslim or not. Islam also protects honor. So Islam is not allowed to abuse anyone or make fun of someone. The Prophet Muhammad said: „Verily, your blood, your possessions and your honor are untouchable.“ 
Racism is not allowed in Islam because the Quran speaks about equality in the following verses:
“Oh people, we have created you from man and woman and made you peoples and tribes so that you may recognize each other. Truly, the most respected of you is the most feared of God . Verily, God is omniscient, omniscient. ” (Quran 49:13)
Islam refuses to favor certain people or nations because of their wealth, strength, or race. God created human beings in the same way. He only distinguishes them in their faith and piety. The Prophet Muhammad said: “O people! Your God is one and your progenitor (Adam) is one. An Arab is no better than a non-Arab, and a non-Arab is no better than an Arab, and a red (ie white with a reddish tinge) person is no better than a black person and a black person is no better than one red man,  except in piety. ”
One of the biggest problems facing humanity today is racism. The developed world can send a person to the moon, but it cannot stop people from hating and fighting others. Since the time of the Prophet Muhammad, Islam has provided a shining example of how racism can be ended. The annual pilgrimage (Hağğ) to Makkah shows the real Islamic brotherhood of all races and nations when about two million Muslims from all over the world come to Makkah to perform the pilgrimage rite.
Islam is a religion of justice. God says:
“God commands you to return the entrusted goods to their owners; and if you judge between two people to judge justice … ”(Quran 4:58)
And he says:
“… and be fair. Verily, God loves the righteous. ” (Quran 49: 9)
We should even be just with those we hate, as God says:
“… and hatred of a group should not tempt you to act differently than just. Be just, that is closer to the fear of God … ”(Quran 5: 8)
The Prophet Muhammad said:“ People, beware of injustice,  because injustice means darkness on the day of judgment. ”
And those Those who have not received their rights in this life (ie they have the right to sue) will get it on the day of judgment, as the Prophet said: “On the day of judgment, those who are entitled to it will be given their rights (and injustice is redressed) … ”
 Narrated by Sahih Al-Bukhary, # 1739, and Musnad Ahmad, # 2037.
 Oh people, we have created you from man and woman and made you peoples and tribes so that you may recognize each other. Verily, the most respected of you is God, who is most fearful of God. A fearful person is a believer who keeps away from all sins, does all the good deeds that God has commanded us, and fears and loves God.
 The colors mentioned in the Prophet’s saying are examples. This means that in Islam nobody is better than someone else because of their color, regardless of whether they are white, black, red or any other color.
 Narrated by Musnad Ahmad, # 22978.
 ie oppress others, act unfairly or do others wrong
 Narrated by Musnad Ahmad, # 5798, and Sahih Al-Bukhary, # 2447.
 Narrated by Sahih Muslim, # 2582, and Musnad Ahmad, # 7163.