Jesus in Islam
The Islamic view of Jesus lies between two extremes. The Jews, who rejected Jesus as a prophet, called him an imposter, while the Christians, on the other hand, considered him to be the son of God and worship him as such. Islam considers Jesus to be one of the greatest and most forbearing of prophets, in addition to Noah, Abraham, Moses and Muhammad, peace be upon them. Jesus is also considered to be the Messiah as well. This is in conformity with the Islamic view of the Oneness of God, the Oneness of Divine guidance, and the complementary role of the subsequent mission of God’s messengers.
The message of God to humanity, which is to worship God and God alone and to live according to His instruction, was revealed to Adam (peace be upon him), who passed it on to his children. All the subsequent revelations to Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and, finally, Muhammad are in conformity with that message. Thus, Islam views any contradictions among revealed religions as man-made elements introduced into these religions. The position of Jesus in the three major creeds- Judaism, Christianity, and Islam- is not an exception.
Although the Quran does not present a detailed life-story of Jesus, it highlights the important aspects of his birth, his mission, his ascension to heaven. It also passes judgment on the Christian and Jewish beliefs concerning him. We will look at some of the truths which God revealed about Jesus in the Quran.
Born of a Virgin Mother
Like Christians, Muslims believe that Mary, Maria in Spanish, or Maryam as she is called in Arabic, was a chaste, virgin woman, who miraculously gave birth to Jesus. Jesus’ birth in itself was a miracle in that he had no father. God describes his birth in the Quran as follows:
“And mention in the Book (the Quran), Mary, when she withdrew in seclusion from her family to a place facing east. She placed a screen (to screen herself) from them; then We sent to her a spirit from Us, (the angel Gabriel), and he appeared before her in the form of a man in all respects. She said: ‘Verily, I seek refuge with the Most Gracious (God) from you, if you do fear God.’ (The angel) said: ‘I am only a messenger from your Lord, (to announce) to you the gift of a righteous son.’ She said: ‘How can I have a son, when no man hath touched me, nor am I unchaste?’ He said: ‘So (it will be), your Lord said That is easy for Me (God): And (We wish) to appoint him as a sign to mankind and a mercy from Us (God), and it is a matter (already) decreed (by God).’” (Quran 19:16-21)
This fact, however, does not necessitate that Jesus is divine in essence or spirit, nor is he worthy of worship, for Adam’s existence was more miraculous than that of Jesus. If his miraculous birth were a proof that Jesus was God incarnate or His son, then Adam would have more right over this divinity than him. Rather, both are prophets who were inspired with revelation from God Almighty, and both were servants to Him living according to His commandments.
“Indeed, the likeness of Jesus with God is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, then He said to him: ‘Be!’ and he was.’” (Quran 3:59)
Muslims, like Christians believe that Jesus performed miracles. These miracles were performed by the will and permission of God, Who has power and control over all things.
“Then will God say: ‘O Jesus the son of Mary! Recount My favor to you and to your mother. Behold! I strengthened you with the Holy Spirit (the angel Gabriel) so that you did speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. Behold! I taught you the Book and Wisdom, the Torah and the Gospel. And behold: you make out of clay, as it were, the figure of a bird, by My leave, and you breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by My leave, and you heal those born blind, and the lepers by My leave. And behold! You bring forth the dead by My leave. And behold! I did restrain the Children of Israel from (violence to you) when you did show them the Clear Signs, and the unbelievers among them said: ‘This is nothing but evident magic.’” (Quran 5:110)
God sent all prophets with miracles specific to the nation to whom they were sent to prove the veracity of their message. These miracles were not performed of their own accord; rather, they were only manifest in their hands by God’s will. The miracles performed by Jesus were no different. The Jews were well advanced in the field of medicine, and the miracles which Jesus brought were of this nature, proving the truth of His message and in order to convince the Jews.
Muslims believe in the Absolute Oneness of God, Who is a Supreme Being free of human limitations, needs and wants. He has no partners in His Divinity. He is the Creator of everything and is completely separate from His creation, and all worship is to be directed towards Him alone.
This was the same message brought by all prophets of God, including Jesus. He never claimed any qualities of divinity, nor did he claim that he deserved to be worshipped. He did not say that he was the “son” of God or part of the “Trinity”, but rather that he was only a servant of God sent to the Jews to bring them back to the true religion, worshipping One God and following his instruction. The majority of the verses in the Quran which mention Jesus discuss this aspect. They prove that he was only taken as an object of worship as a result of lies which people invented against him. It confirms accounts of his life where Jesus himself clearly denies that he deserved any worship, and it supports the notion that the parables and examples which God has given showed his mortal nature, not his divinity or filial relationship to God. God narrates of Jesus in the Quran:
“They have certainly disbelieved who say, ‘God is the Messiah, the son of Mary’ while the Messiah has said, ‘O Children of Israel, worship God, my Lord and your Lord…’” (Quran 5:72)
God says about the belief that Jesus is part of a “Trinity”:
“They have certainly disbelieved who say, ‘God is the third of three.’ (Rather) there is none worthy of worship except One (God). And if they do not desist from what they are saying, there will surely afflict the disbelievers among them a painful punishment. So will they not repent to God and seek His forgiveness? And God is Forgiving and Merciful. The Messiah (Jesus), son of Mary, was no more than a Messenger before whom many Messengers have passed away; and his mother adhered wholly to truthfulness, and they both ate food (as other mortals do). See how We make Our signs clear to them; and see where they are turning away!” (Quran 5:73-75)
“O People of the Book (Jews and Christians)! Do not exceed the limits in your religion, and attribute to God nothing except the truth. The Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was only a Messenger of God, and His command that He conveyed unto Mary, and a spirit from Him. So believe in God and in His Messengers, and do not say: ‘God is a Trinity.’ Give up this assertion; it would be better for you. For God is indeed (the only) One God. Far be it from His glory that He should have a son. To Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth. And God is sufficient for a guardian.” (Quran 4:171)
God deems this belief as an enormity against His Essence:
“And they say: ‘The Most Merciful (God) has taken (for Himself) a son.’ Assuredly you utter a hideous thing, whereby almost the heavens are torn, and the earth is split asunder and the mountains fall in ruins; That they ascribe unto the Most Merciful a son, when it is not suitable for (the Majesty of) the Most Merciful that He should take a son. There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes unto the Most Merciful as a slave.” (Quran 19:88-93)
On the Day of Judgment, Jesus again will free himself from this false attribution. God gives us a glimpse of what he will say when he is asked about why people worshipped him:
“And (beware the Day) when God will say, “O Jesus, Son of Mary, did you say to the people, ‘Take me and my mother as deities besides God?’” He will say, ‘Exalted are You! It was not for me to say that to which I have no right. If I had said it, You would have known it. You know what is within myself, and I do not know what is within Yourself. Indeed, it is You who is Knower of the unseen. I said not to them except what you commanded me – to worship God, my Lord and your Lord…’” (Quran 5:116-117)
In these verses, God proclaims that ascribing to Jesus the attribute ‘son of God’ or ‘part of a Trinity’ is indeed a great blasphemy. The reason for this returns to the key fundamental assertion that God is Unique and unlike any of his creation; as well as in His Essence, He is Unique in His Divinity, His Attributes and His Lordship. All of the above make up the strict monotheism which He revealed in His Scriptures, from them the first of the Ten Commandments:
“I am the Lord thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thou shalt have no other gods before me.” (Exodus 20:1-3)
Ascribing a son to God is in clear opposition to that principle for which He created the Creation and sent prophets. God says in the Quran:
“And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” (Quran 51:56)
He also said:
“And We certainly sent into every nation a messenger, (saying), ‘Worship God and avoid all false objects of worship…’” (Quran 16:36)
As discussed earlier, the Quran clearly affirms that Jesus was a prophet, as well as the fact that he was no more than that. Prophets are indeed the best of creation. They are those whom God chooses to receive His revelation, yet at the same time, they are mere emissaries of God and do not deserve to receive worship. Jesus, as mentioned in the Quran, is no different than any of them in this respect.
Throughout the Quran, Jesus is identified fundamentally as a prophet of God sent to the Jews who had over time deviated from the teachings of Moses and other messengers.
“And (remember) when Jesus, son of Mary, said: ‘O Children of Israel, I am the Messenger of God sent to you, confirming the Torah (which came) before me…’” (Quran 61:6)
Jesus Christ, the son of Mary, was the last in the line of Jewish prophets. He lived according to the Torah, the Law of Moses, and taught his followers to do likewise. In Matthew 5:17-18, Jesus stated:
“Think not that I have come to abolish the law and the (way of) the prophets; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfill them.”
In this aspect, he and his message was no different than the previous prophets chosen by God, who all called to the worship of God and God alone, as well as to obedience to His commandments. As he was miraculously supported by God in his conception, birth, and childhood, he was also supported by numerous miracles to prove that he was a messenger from God. However, the majority of the Jews rejected his prophethood.
Not only did Jesus affirm the scriptures revealed before him, but he also foretold of another prophet to come after him. God says:
“And when Jesus, son of Mary, said: ‘O Children of Israel! Indeed I am the messenger of God unto you, confirming that which was (revealed) before me in the Torah, and bringing good tidings of a messenger who will come after me, whose name is the Praised One.’” (Quran 61:6)
This fact is also mentioned in the New Testament. Careful study shows that Jesus, peace be upon him, refers to the same prophet in John 14:16-17:
“And I will give you another Counselor (the Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him), to be with you forever, even the Spirit of Truth.”
God clarified in the Quran that Jesus was not crucified; rather, it was made to seem that way to the Jews, and that God raised him to the Heavens. The Quran does not explain, though, who was the person crucified instead of Jesus, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him.
“…They did not kill him, nor did they crucify him, but (another) was made to resemble him to them…” (Quran 4:157)
“God lifted him up to His presence. God is Almighty, All-Wise.” (Quran 4:158)
As such, Islam denies that Jesus came to this earth with the purpose of sacrificing himself for the sin of Adam, Eve, and the rest of humanity, freeing them from its burden. Islam strictly rejects the notion that any person bears the sin of another. God says:
“No bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another.” (Quran 39:7)
Also, Islam stresses the notion that God is able to and forgive all sins, if a person truly repents and then refrains from repeating it. God does not need any blood sacrifice for that, let alone descend in the form of man himself and die for every man’s sins. Rather, God’s mercy extends to all creatures, believers and disbelievers alike. The door to forgiveness is open to anyone who seeks it.
The Second Coming of Christ
As Christians do, Muslims also believe in the return of Jesus the Messiah to earth, although his role and reason for his return does differ from what the Christians propose. He will return to earth first and foremost to prove his mortality and refute the false beliefs people held about him. He will live a normal life, marry, and also die as any other human. At that point, the matter will be clear concerning him, and all people will have believed that he was truly mortal.
“There is not one of the People of the Scripture but will believe in him (Jesus) before his death, and on the Day of Resurrection he will be a witness against them.” (Quran 4: 159)
Jesus will also fight the false Christ, who will call people to the belief that he is God, and who will appear just before he returns. Jesus will defeat the antichrist, and all people will accept the true religion of God. The world will see a type of peace and serenity unfelt in history, all worshipping the same God, subservient to Him alone, and at peace with one another.
What has preceded was just a brief introduction to the truth which God revealed about Jesus in His final Book, the Quran, which he revealed to Muhammad. There is only One God who created one race of human beings and communicated to them one message: submission to the worship of God and God alone and following His instruction – known in Arabic as Islam. That message was conveyed to the first human beings on this earth, and reaffirmed by all of the prophets of God who came after them throughout all the ages.
Jesus Christ, born of the Virgin Mary, performed miracles and invited the Israelites to the same message of submission (Islam) as did all of the prophets who preceded him. He was not God, nor was he the ‘Son of God’, but was the Messiah, an illustrious prophet of God. Jesus did not invite people to worship himself; rather, he called them to worship God, Whom he himself worshipped. He confirmed the laws of the Torah which Prophet Moses taught; he lived by them, and instructed his disciples to follow them to the finest detail, after allowing those things which the Jews made illegal upon themselves. Before his departure, he informed his followers of the last prophet, Muhammad of Arabia, who would come after him, and instructed them to observe his teachings.
In the generations after Jesus’ departure from this world, his teachings were distorted and he was elevated to the status of God. Six centuries later, with the coming of Prophet Muhammad, the truth about Jesus Christ was finally retold and preserved eternally in the last book of divine revelation, the Quran. Furthermore, many of the laws of Moses, which Jesus followed, were revived in their pure and unadulterated form and implemented in the divinely prescribed way of life known as Islam, while many other aspects and injunctions of the laws which had been brought by the earlier prophets were lightened or dropped altogether.
Consequently, the reality of the prophets, their uniform message, and the way of life which they followed, can only be found preserved in the religion of Islam, the only religion prescribed by God for man. Furthermore, only Muslims today actually follow Jesus and his true teachings. Their way of life is much more in tune with the way of life Jesus practiced than any of the modern day “Christians.” Love and respect of Jesus Christ is an article of faith in Islam, and God stressed the importance of belief in Jesus in numerous places in the Quran.
Jesus and Mary in Islam
Mary-Miriam-Maryam and her son Jesus-Eesa are very important people who have special status in Islam. They were the descendants of Abraham (PBUH) born into honored families. Miryam (Maidservant of Allah), is the only female woman by name mentioned 34 times in the Quran and as a title of Chapter-19. Quran narrates the details of Maryam’s life from conception to youth to womanhood and to the delivery of her son – Jesus.
Jesus Eesa (Esau, Yeheshua Jesus-Christ) was a Prophet and a messenger as well. He received the Injeel / Gospel. He was similar to other messengers and was the chosen man who performed miracles, brought the message and preached about the Unity of God. He was the only Prophet raised alive and mentioned 29 times in the Quran (more than Prophet Muhammad who was only mentioned 4 times).
Jesus was the only Prophet titled as Messiah, mentioned with his mother’s name (Eesa-Ibn-Maryam / Jesus-Son of-Mary), spoke from the cradle and lifted alive to come back at the last hour. His birth was miraculous similar to Adam and Eve with no parents.
Mary’s father was Imran and her son was Eesa. Both were the descendants of Prophet Abraham thru Isaac. The wives of Imran and Zachariah were sisters. Mary’s Uncle was Zachariah (Yahiya/John the Baptist the son of Zachariah.) Therefore, Jesus and John (Yahiya) were cousins.
The chapters 3 and 19 in Quran are titled after the names of Mary’s father and Mary.
Quran 3:42 ‘… O Mary! God has chosen you and purified you and again he has chosen you above all women of all nations of the worlds‘
Quran 5:75 ‘… His (Jesus) mother (Mary) was a woman of truth.’
Quran 21:91 ‘And (remember) her who guarded her chastity: We breathed into her of our spirit and we made her and her son a sign for all peoples.’
Quran 3:3 ‘She was assigned to the care of Zachariah.‘ (Guardian & Uncle)
Birth of Jesus Foretold
Quran 3:45: Behold! the angels said: ‘O Mary! Allah giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Messiah-Christ Eesa, the son of Mary, held in honor in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to God/Allah… ‘
Isaiah 7:14: Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
Mathew 1:23: ‘Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us‘.
Quran 66:12 ‘And Mary the daughter of ‘Imran, who guarded her chastity; & We breathed into (her body) of Our spirit; & she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord & of His Revelations, & was one of the devout (servants).
Quran 19:16-17 ‘Relate in the Book () Mary, when she withdrew from her family to a place in the East. She placed a screen from them; then we sent our Angel (Gabriel) and he appeared before her as a man in all respects.‘
The birth of Jesus was unique, similar to Prophet Adam (without Parent) & Eve (without father). Prophet Adam’s (AS) birth was miraculous as he was created
from nothing which science have proved to be impossible whether it is through cloning or artificial insemination for babies).
Quran 3:59: ‘the similitude of Jesus before God is as that of Adam, He created him from dust, then said to him: ‘Be’… . And he was’.
Luke 1:37: ‘For nothing is impossible with God‘
Quran 19:33: ‘ So Peace is on me the day I was born, the day That I die, and the day that I shall be raised up to life again‘
Hadith: ‘None are born except that Satan touches them upon their birth, due to which it comes out screaming from its touch, except Mary and her son (Jesus) Ahmed}
Quran 19:25: ‘And Shake towards thyself the trunk of the Palm tree: It will let fall fresh ripe dates upon thee‘
Quran 19:24 ‘But (a voice) cried to her from beneath the Palm tree ‘ Grieve not! For thy Lord hath provided a stream/rivulet beneath thee‘
Quran 23:50: ‘And We made the son of Maryam & his mother as a Sign: We gave them both shelter on high ground, affording rest & security & furnished with springs.‘
Miracle of Jesus
Summarized in one verse in Quran:
Quran 5:110: The Day when Allah will say, ‘O Jesus, Son of Mary, remember My favor upon you and upon your mother when I supported you with the Pure Spirit and you spoke to the people in the cradle and in maturity; and remember when I taught you writing and wisdom and the Torah and the Gospel; and when you designed from clay what was like the form of a bird with My permission, then you breathed into it, and it became a bird with My permission; and you healed the blind and the leper with My permission; and when you brought forth the dead with My permission; and when I restrained the Children of Israel from killing you when you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, ‘This is not but obvious magic’.
John 5:30: ‘I can do nothing on my own initiative. As I hear, I judge; and my judgment is just, because I do not seek my own will, but the will of Him who sent me‘.
Jesus as a Prophet
He was chosen by the Supreme God, whose job was a mediator between God and humanity like all other prophets
Quran 19:34: ‘That is Jesus, son of Mary-the word of truth about which they are in dispute‘.
Quran 19:30 ‘He Eesa/Jesus) said: Verily! I am a slave of Allah, He has given me the Scripture and made me a Prophet;’
Matthew 21:11: ‘… crowd said, ‘this is the Prophet Jesus of Nazareth of Galilee.’
John 9:17: ‘And he said, ‘He is a Prophet.”
Mission of Jesus
Abraham is a role model like Moses and Muhammad, Jesus was given a mission to spread the faith of Abraham i.e., Unity of God (Absolute Monotheism) of Abraham (i.e., Belief in one God, All Obedience and Worship of the same One God).
Quran 42:13: ‘He has ordained for you of religion (Islam) what He enjoined upon Noah & that which We have revealed to you, O Muhammad, & what We enjoined upon Abraham & Moses & Jesus – to establish the religion & not be divided therein (sects)…‘
John 13:15: ‘I’ve given you an example that you should follow… ‘
John 8:39: Jesus said ‘for if you are the children of Abraham, you would follow his example.‘
Quran 3-49 ‘ I will make him (Jesus) a Messenger to the Children of Israel‘
Mathew 15:24: ‘I was sent only to help God’s lost sheep–the people of Israel.‘
Romans 15:8: ‘Remember that Christ came as a servant to the Jews to show that God is true to the promises he made to their ancestors‘.
Jesus is a Muslim! The words Muslim, Islam and Salam come from Pro-Semitic root SLM means Peace (Purity, Submission, and obedience to One God). Muslims are those who submit in total to the Will of One God.
Quran 31:22: ‘Those who Submit completely to God (Allah)‘ (Islam)
James 4:7: ‘Submit yourselves therefore to God‘.
Romans 13:1: ‘Let every soul be Submit unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of GOD… ‘
Quran 3:52: ‘When Jesus found unbelief on their part He said’ Who will be my helpers to (the work of) Allah? Said the disciples ‘we are Allah’s helpers: we believe in Allah, anf do bear witness that we are Muslims‘
God of Jesus (Unity of God)
Quran 5: 72: ‘while Jesus has said, ‘O Children of Israel-worship God, my Lord & your Lord’. (Quran in 6AD)
Mark12: 29: ‘The most important commandment is this: Hear, O Israel; the Lord our God is one Lord.’
Quran (111:1 & 4): ‘Say: He is God the One and Only; And there is none like unto Him.
Mark 12:32: ‘Well said, teacher,’ the man replied. ‘You are right in saying that God is one & there is no other but him.
Jesus and Prophet Muhammad
Quran7: 157: ‘Those who follow the messenger, the unlettered Prophet, whom they find mentioned in their own (scriptures) in the law (Torah) and the Gospel (Injeel);–
Quran 61:6: ‘And remember. Jesus, the son of Mary. Said: O Children of Israel! I am the messenger of Allah (Sent) to you, confirming the Law (Torah) before me, and giving glad tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is AHMAD (Praiseworthy) …
John 16:13: When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. ‘He will glorify Me, for He will take of Mine and will disclose it to you.
Hadith: I am most close to Jesus, son of Mary, among the whole of mankind in this worldly life and the next life. They said: Allah’s Messenger how is it? Thereupon he said: Prophets are brothers in faith, having different mothers. Their religion is, however, one and there is no Apostle between us (between I and Jesus). (SM-Book 030, # 5836 Abu Huraira).
Jesus / Mary Worshiped
Quran 22:27: ‘O you who believe! Bow down & prostrate yourselves & worship your God…‘
Quran 3:43: ‘O Maryam, (Mary) be devout to your Lord, & prostrate yourself & bow down with the ones who bow down (for Him).
Mathew 26:39: ‘He (Jesus) advanced a little & fell on his face (prostration) and prayed, saying, ‘O my Father’
Quran 5: 72: ‘while the Jesus has said, ‘O Children of Israel-worship God, my Lord & your Lord’.
Gospel of Jesus
Quran 5:46: ‘We sent him the Gospel, therein was guidance and light and confirmation of the Torah that had come before him. A guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah.‘
John 1:17: ‘For the law (Torah) was given through Moses; grace and truth (Injeel/Gospel) came through Jesus Christ (Gospel)
Quran 3:50: (Jesus said) ‘To attest the law which was before me & to make lawful to you part of what was forbidden you; I have come to you with a sign from your Lord, so fear God & obey me.‘
Matthew 5:17-18: ‘Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law (Torah) or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them. I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not even the smallest detail of God’s law will disappear until its purpose is achieved.
Mark7:7: They worship me in vain; their teachings are merely human rules.
God of Jesus PraiseWorthy
Quran 42:28: ‘And He (God)… worthy of all Praise.
John 5:41: ‘I do not accept praise from men, Jesus shouted to the crowds‘
Matthew 11:25 (Luke 10:21): … Jesus said, ‘I Praise you, father, Lord of heaven and Earth… ‘
John 8:50: ‘And I seek not mine own Praise/Glory, There is One that seeketh and Judgeth
Quran 44:40: ‘Verily, the Day of Judgment is the time appointed for all of them. ‘
Mathew 12:36: ‘… I tell you that everyone will have to give account on the Day of Judgment… ‘
Quran 5:50: ‘… And who is better in judgment than Allah for a people who have firm Faith.
Matthew 7:1-2: ‘Do not judge, or you too will be judged. 2 For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.
Quran 7: 187: ‘They ask you, O Muhammad, about the Hour… They ask you as if you are familiar with it. Say, ‘Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most of the people do not know.‘
Mathew 24:36: ‘But about that day or hour no one knows, not even the angels in heaven, nor the Son, but only the Father. ‘ (Mark13:32)
Quran 46:9: ‘Say: O prophet ‘I am nothing new among the Prophets. I have no idea what will be done with me or you.’
Matthew 7: 21: ‘Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of my Father in heaven.
Mathew 25:46: ‘These people will go away into eternal punishment (Hell), but those with God’s approval will go into eternal life (Heaven).‘
Similarities between Prophet Jesus and Muhammad
Prophet Jesus and Muhammad were descendants of Abraham and Semites. They both talked about each other (recorded in Bible and hadith of Prophet Muhammad) and reinforced the Absolute Monotheism (True Faith of Abraham i.e., Unity of God (Absolute Monotheism) of Abraham (i.e., Belief in one God, All Obedience and Worship of the same One God)
Quran 3:31: Say: ‘If ye do love Allah, obey me: Allah will love you & forgive you your sins: For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
John 14:23: Jesus replied, ‘If anyone loves me, he will obey my teaching. My Father will love him.’
Quran 4:116 Verily! Allah forgives not (the sin of) setting up partners in worship with Him, but He forgives whom he pleases sins other than that, and whoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, has indeed strayed far away. (Major Sin-Shirk/Eternal Sin)
John 16:8 ‘And when he comes, he will correct the world concerning sin and concerning righteousness and concerning judgment;’
Quran 53:3-4 ‘He (Muhammad) doesn’t speak from his desire; indeed what he says is from revelation‘
John 12:49: ‘For I did not speak of my own accord, but the Father who sent me commanded me what to say and how to say it‘.
Quran 4: 36: ‘… do good-to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbors who are near & distant, the Companion by your side, the way-farer (ye meet)… ‘
Matthew 15:4: For God said, ‘Honor your father and mother’ and ‘anyone who curses his father or mother must be put to death.
Matthew 5: 43: ‘Love thy neighbor as thyself‘
Q 24:31 ‘And say to the believing women that they cast down their looks, and let them wear their head-coverings over their bosoms, and not display their ornaments
1-Corinthians11:6 ‘For if a woman does not cover her head, let her also have her hair cut off; but if it is disgraceful for a woman to have her hair cut off or her head shaved, let her cover her head.’
Quran 29:69: ‘As for those who strive (Jihad) in Us, We surely guide them to Our paths, and lo ! Allah is with the good‘.
Romans 2:7: ‘eternal life to those who strive (Jihad) for glory, honor, and immortality by patiently doing good‘;
Quran 2:138: (Our religion is) the Baptism of Allah: And who can baptize better than Allah? And it is He Whom we worship.
Quran 5:6: ‘O you who believe! When you prepare for prayers, wash your face, and your hands (to elbows); wipe your head part and wash your feet (to ankles) (with Water). If you are in state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body (with water)… ‘
Matthew 3:11: ‘I baptize you with water for repentance. But after me will come one who is more powerful than I, whose sandals I am not fit to carry. He will baptize you… ‘
Quran 33:40 Muhammad (s) is not the father of any man among you, but he is the Messenger of Allah & the last (seal) of the Prophets.’
Matthew 23:9: ‘Do not call anyone on earth your father; for One is your Father, He who is in heaven‘.
Quran14:35: ‘Recall that Abraham said, ‘My God… Protect me & my children from worshiping idols.‘
1 Corinthians12:2: ‘You know that when you were still pagans, you were led astray and swept along in worshiping speechless idols.‘
Jesus’s Ascension (Miraculous)
Quran 2:156: ‘Surely we belong to God and to Him shall we return‘.
Quran 4:158: ‘But God lifted him (Jesus) up (with his body & soul) unto Himself (& he is in the heavens)… .
John 12:32: And when I am lifted up from the earth.‘
John 20:17: Jesus said, Go instead to my brothers and tell them, ‘I am returning to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.‘
Jesus’s Second Coming
Qur’an 43.61: ‘And (Jesus) shall be a Sign (for the coming of) the Hour (of Judgment: therefore have no doubt about the (Hour), but follow ye Me: this is a Straight Way.
Mathew 24:44: For this reason you also must be ready; for the Son of Man is coming at an hour when you do not think He will’
Hadith: At this very time Allah would send Christ, son of Mary, and he will descend at the white minaret in the eastern side of Damascus wearing two garments lightly dyed with saffron and placing his hands on the wings of two Angels. When he would lower his head, there would fall beads of perspiration from his head, and when he would raise it up, beads like pearls would scatter from it. (Sahih Muslim-041 #7015)
Death of Prophets (and all Mankind)
Quran 39:30 ‘Indeed, you are to die, and indeed, they are to die‘
Quran 29:57 ‘Every soul will taste death; then to us will you be returned‘
Quran 19:15 ‘And Peace be upon him the day he was born the day that he dies and the day that he is raised alive!’ (Jesus)
Hadith: After his descent on earth, Eesa/Jesus will marry. He will have children, and he will remain on earth 19 years after marriage. He will pass away and Muslims will perform his Funeral (Janaza) and bury him next to Prophet Muhammad (s). (Tirmidi)